Apr 05, 2022
In General Discussions
Among are supporters, the admiration of the leader as a defender of religious demands, especially the "savior of veiled women", is reinforced by his image as a "brave guy" who is a bit angry and impulsive, but who stands up to the mighty in this world. The Whatsapp Mobile Number List trust generated by this admiration and the identification that accompanies it, make it possible to maintain adherence around the akp despite the many ups and downs of Erdoğan's policy and avoid the fragmentation of its heterogeneous militant base17. Re-Islamization is Whatsapp Mobile Number List also carried out through the valorization of the family with women as mother and wife, the promotion of Sunni cult practices and the support of the charitable activities of religious brotherhoods.18. The increasingly massive repression, the criminalization of the opposition, the muzzling of the media, the re-Islamization of the public space and the nationalist exaltation combined with imperial nostalgia are not enough to endure in power when the final Whatsapp Mobile Number List sanction through the ballot box continues to be inescapable with results Whatsapp Mobile Number List entirely controllable, despite the very unequal conditions of electoral competition. A redistribution of resources based on clientelist principles, both in relation to the business world and that of the popular classes, makes it possible to considerably reduce the threshold of democratic demand of a large portion of the electorate19. This clientelistic strategy was very present from the beginning in the governmental practice of the akptwenty. The Public Procurement Law, promulgated in 2002 within the framework of the structural reform agreed with the International Monetary Fund ( IMF ), was immediately reformed by the Erdoğan government, in 2003, to introduce numerous Whatsapp Mobile Number List exceptions. These changes continue to this day to give the state party a free hand in its very clientelistic management of public contracts. As can be seen, crony or crony capitalism is an almost universal dimension of authoritarian populism, as well as the corruption at the highest level that accompanies it.